What is head pressing in dogs and cats?
Have you ever seen pictures like these on the Internet with funny “Sad” or “Time Out” captions? On first glance, these images are cute, but they may depict a serious medical warning sign in your pet. It’s called “head pressing” and could indicate a dangerous neurological condition in your dog or cat.
According to the PetMD website, head pressing is defined as “the compulsive act of pressing the head against a wall or other object for no apparent reason.” This can occur in dogs and cats of any breed or age, and can be a sign of damage to the nervous system, specifically the forebrain and thalamus (called prosencephalon disease), or toxic poisoning.
Besides head pressing, dogs and cats may also exhibit the following symptoms:
- Pacing and circling
- Behavior changes
- Impaired reflexes
- Vision problems
Head pressing can be caused by a number of different conditions, including:
- Metabolic disorders (such as too much or too little sodium)
- Nervous system infection (such as rabies or fungus)
- Head trauma
- Exposure to toxins (such as lead)
Diagnosis and Treatment
Your vet may perform an examination of the retina and other parts of the back of the eye to look for signs of disease. Your vet may also take a blood pressure measurement, and blood and urine specimens. CT and MRI scans of the brain may also be performed.
Treatment varies according to the cause and severity of the condition. Your pet may require immediate treatment and hospitalization, but no specific treatment can be administered until a definitive diagnosis is reached. Long term care will depend on the diagnosis, with your vet scheduling follow-up neurological exams to check on progress.